To be eligible for scheduling, a monument must be demonstrably of (in the terms of the 1979 Act) 'national importance'. Non-statutory criteria are provided to guide the assessment. In England these are:

  • Period – meaning the length of time it remained in use; significant sites are often multi-period
  • Rarity – monuments with few known comparators are more likely to be scheduled
  • Documentation – information from earlier investigations at a site can inform on its significance
  • Group value – where a monument forms part of a wider geographical landscape of important sites
  • Survival/Condition – the degree to which the surviving remains convey the size, shape and function of the site
  • Fragility/Vulnerability – threats to the site from natural agencies, tourism or development can lead to a monument being scheduled for its protection
  • Representivity – how well the monument represents diverse similar types and/or whether it contains unique features
  • Potential – its ability to contribute to our knowledge through further study.
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